The novel corona virus outbreak has brought the entire world into a standstill. The monotony and dullness of everyday life, uncertainty, social isolation, financial crisis and the unanticipated, tragic death of our closed ones due to the disease have turned our present lives into a nightmare. In this prolonged quarantine period almost every adult is facing some difficulties. As science is nothing but refinement of everyday thinking it can well explain the cause as well as the solution of these problems.
1.Disturbed Sleep Cycle: The home confinement has forced many to suffer from insomnia i.e. a sleep disorder. While less sleep is causing frustration, draining all the energy, oversleep is causing irritation and lack of concentration. Scientists explain that our sleep period is divided into three different stages
N1: your transition from wakefulnes
s to sleep.
N2: when your breathing and heart rates begin to slow down
N3: when your body regenerates itself. High level of stress and anxiety mainly affect this stage.
The correct level of melatonin hormone in our body ensures a good sleep. It’s level increases in darkness and decreases in the exposure of sunlight. As we are restricted to our home the amount of sunlight we receive has gone down, affecting our ability to generate the hormone at the right time. That’s why scientists suggest to do regular, outdoor exercises in the morning as it will help in proper synthesis of melatonin and enhance our sleep quality.
2.Excessive screen time duration: Either for learning or for entertainment purpose we are glued to our phone screens. Human brains are extremely malleable. So this will cause distractions. However scientists assure that the habits and changes occurred in the past months are not permanent. Due to a certain feature of our brain called neuroplasticity, our brain transforms in response to our circumstances and behaviours and changes again as the circumstances and behaviours evolve. So excessive screen time will not damage our brain. But avoiding social media especially during bedtime is better for a healthy lifestyle.
3. Mental health problems: Studies reveal that 50% adults have acquired mental health problems in this quarantine period. We are cooped up in hour homes. So developing stress and anxiety is quite normal. Scientists believe that mental illness results from the problem with the communication between neurones in the brain(neurotransmisson). For example the level of neurotransmitter serotonin is lower in individuals with depression.
The present circumstances are quite unnerving and difficult, but one thing that is constant in the universe is change. The present situation will evolve as well. For now unleashing your creativity, working on your hobbies,journaling, avoiding the constant speculations about the virus, spending time with family and finding happiness in little things can certainly assure a better mental health and life.